The 12th International Consumer Law Conference Blog

Organised by NALSAR and the International Association for Consumer Law



The capital of the state of Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad is the fifth largest city in India with an ancient civilisation and culture. Attached to the city is its twin , Secunderbad, which is part of Hyderabad. The twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderbad are separated by the Husain Sagar, an artificial lake constructed during the time of Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah Wali in 1562 A.D.

The city is nearly 400 years old and is noted for its natural beauty, mosques and minarets, bazaars and bridges, hills and lakes. It is perched on the top of the Deccan Plateau, 1776ft., above sea level, and sprawls over an area of 100 Sq. miles.

A multitude of influences have shaped the character of the city. Its palaces and buildings, houses and tenements, gardens and streets have a history and an architectural individuality of their own, which makes Hyderabad a city of enchantment.

Hyderabad was founded on the River Musi five miles east of Golconda, in 1591-92 by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah. In the 16th century the city grew spontaneously to accommodate the surplus population of Golconda, which was the capital of the Qutb Shahi rulers. Many buildings sprang up along the River Musi. Gradually the city grew.

When the British and the French spread their hold over the country, the Nizam soon won their friendship without bequeathing his power. The title “Faithful. Ally of the British Government” was bestowed on Nizam VII. The British stationed a Resident at Hyderabad, but the state continued to be ruled by the Nizam.

The rule of the seven Nizam’s saw the growth of Hyderabad both culturally and economically. Huge reservoirs, like the Nizam Sagar, Tungabadra, Osman Sagar, Himayath Sagar, and others were built. Survey work on Nagarjuna Sagar had also begun during this time.

Hyderabad, under the Nizam’s, was the largest princely state in India. Area wise it was as big as England and Scotland put together. The State had its own currency, mint, railways, and postal system. There was no income tax.

Soon after India gained independence, Hyderabad State merged with the Union of India. On November 1, 1956 the map of India was redrawn into linguistic states, and Hyderabad became the capital of Andhra Pradesh.

Hyderabad is rightly known as the high-tech city. IT in Hyderabad is renowned world over and the city is one of the fastest developing hubs of information technology in India. Today, Hyderabad is known not only for its IT and IT Enabled Services, but also Pharmaceuticals and Entertainment industries. Many Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) firms, dealing with IT and other technological services were set up in the 1990s making it the hub of BPO firms. Ramoji Film City, the largest film studio in the world is located on the outskirts of the hi-tech city.


The progress of a township with state-of-the-art services called HITEC City encouraged several IT and ITES companies to setup operations in the city. A rapid growth of technology in this area has led civic boosters to call the city “Cyberabad”. Hyderabad has also been referred to as the second Silicon Valley of India after Bangalore. There have been widespread investments in digital infrastructure within the city, which includes several multinational corporations having established centres in the city. The major areas where such campuses have been setup include Madhapur and Gachibowli.


It is in this magnificent metropolis that that temple of modern legal learning, the National Academy of Legal Studies And Research, one, and currently the best of the National Law Schools established around the country, is located.


NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad, an institution of national eminence in the field of legal education and research, is a residential University established in 1998 under the National Academy of Legal Studies and Research University Act (Andhra Pradesh Act 34 of 1998) of the Andhra Pradesh State Legislature. The University provides an opportunity to explore limitless options in legal profession and is setting new standards in legal education. The University has as its primary mission to create a generation of able, competent and humane lawyers who will not only enter the Bar and Bench but will also be equipped to address effectively the imperatives of the new millennium and to engage in community services.

1. HITEC City

HITEC City stands for Hyderabad Information Technology Engineering Consultancy City. It’s the hub of the information technology organisations and various service providers in Hyderabad. Located in the suburban region of Hyderabad City, HITEC is the most dynamic and superior in terms of technology and quality of life than any other urban township in India.

It comprises various IT Parks where MNCs operate from, residential areas designed specifically for the professionals working in HITEC, Emaar MGF Mall and a large exhibition and convention centre. A metro rail network has been proposed and efforts are to be effected from 2012. Also, the Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, undoubtedly the most majestic and equipped airport in India, is located in HITEC City.

Colossal constructions add to the splendor and ambience of HITEC. It is only fair to call it a monumental juxtaposition of modern edifices and natural greenery.


Osmania University, established in 1918, is the seventh oldest university in India, the third oldest in south India and the first to be established in the erstwhile princely state of Hyderabad. Typified as a public university, it is located in the ‘Pearl City’ of Hyderabad. It was established by Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan in 1918. Another fact about this university is that it is one amongst the largest universities systems of the country, having no less than       3, 00,000 students in its campus and numerous affiliated colleges. Students here pursue their higher studies in its Campus, Constituent, Affiliated Colleges and District Centres. It is a multi-faculty and multidisciplinary university, offering rich and varied courses in the fields of Humanities, Arts, Sciences, Social Sciences, Law, Engineering, Technology, Commerce and Business Management, Information Technology and Oriental Languages. Earlier, Osmania Medical College used to be the part of the same university, but now it is supervised by NTR Health University of Andhra Pradesh. Funded and managed by the government, it is a non-profit university. Here, admissions into engineering courses and doctoral programmes are done entirely on merit basis, which is assessed by National Entrance Examinations. Particularly known for its Engineering and Technology departments, Osmania University is also identified for its high standards of teaching and research. Research initiatives are funded by the UGC and other bodies. In recognition of its excellent academic achievements, Osmania University had the distinction of being awarded the ‘A’ Grade status by the National Accreditation and Assessment Council (NAAC) of the University Grants Commission, Government of India in the year 2008.

      The university has been working for over nine decades with the notion of ‘Thamasoma Jyothirgamaya’ (Lead me from darkness into light) and contributing to the academic, social and economic development of India.


      Situated on the southern bank of the river Musi, the Salar Jung Museum is the third largest museum in India housing the biggest one-man collection of antiques in the world. It is well known throughout India for its prized collections belonging to different civilizations dating back to the 1st century. Nawab Mir Yousuf Ali Khan Salar Jung III spent a substantial amount of his income over thirty five years to make this priceless collection. The collections left behind in his ancestral palace, ‘Diwan Deodi’ were formerly exhibited there as a private museum which was inaugurated by Jawaharlal Nehru in 1951. Later in 1968, the museum shifted to its present location at Afzalgunj and is administered by a Board of Trustees with the Governor of Andhra Pradesh as ex-officio chairperson under the Salar Jung Museum Act of 1961. It houses a collection of over 43000 art objects and 50000 books and manuscripts. The collections include Indian Art, Middle Eastern Art, European Art, Children Art along with a Founders gallery and a rare manuscript section. The museum building is semicircular with 38 galleries spread on two floors, displaying only a part of the original collection. The ground floor has 20 galleries and the first floor has 18 galleries. The exhibits on different subjects are displayed in separate galleries. Another major attraction is the 19th Century British Musical Clock. It is one of the best galleries with a collection of more than 300 clocks. The major attraction of this gallery is a musical clock, which was sold by Cook and Kelvy of England. Walking through the museum is like walking through the ages of several civilizations, Indus, Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Roman to name a few and is bound to disengage the visitor from the present, the current and the immediate and transport him to a world he is familiar with only through reading. In short, the museum is a standing monument to the artistic genius of mankind throughout the space-time spectrum. The museum has 10 lakh annual visitors and a trip to Hyderabad is incomplete without a visit to the SALAR JUNG MUSEUM.


The Charminar is a beautiful and impressive square monument. Each side measures 20 m, and each of the corners has a tall, pointed minaret. These four gracefully carved minarets soar to a height of 48.7 m above the ground, commanding the landscape for miles around. Each minaret has four stories, marked by a delicately carved ring around the minaret. Inside the minarets 149 winding steps guide the visitor to the top floor, the highest point one can reach, which provides a panoramic view of the city. Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah built the monument in 1591 shortly after he had shifted his capital from Golkonda to what now is known as Hyderabad. Legend has it that the building honors a promise Quli Qutb Shah made to Allah. He supposedly had prayed for the end of a plague and vowed that he would build a masjid on that very place. The masjid became popularly known as Charminar because of its four minarets, which possibly honor the first four khalifs of Islam. The actual masjid occupies the top floor of the four-story structure. 

In 1591 while laying the foundation of Charminar, Quli prayed: Oh God, bestow unto this city peace and prosperity. Let millions of men of all castes, creeds and religions make it their abode. Like fishes in the water. True to the legend, the city blossomed into a synthesis of two cultures.


The Qutub Shahi dynasty formed out of the five fragments of the Bahmani Kingdom was founded in the year 1518 by Sultan Quli.The magnificent monuments which stood the test of time and vagaries of nature, are the tombs erected to the memory of the 7  Qutub Shahi kings of Golconda who ruled for 170 years. They are situated amidst picturesque and landscaped gardens, known as Ibrahim Bagh,a kilometer north of Golconda fort to be approached through the Banjara Darwaza. There are more than 30 tombs in the complex besides some open air tombs, raised over plinths of the noble men etc. Of these, the noteworthy are the tombs of the seven Kings and that of great Sufi saint Husain Wali, the man who built Husain Sagar, bridging Hyderabad and Secunderabad. Almost all the tombs are quadrangular and rise from nine to 15 metres above the terrace. The mausoleums are marked by symmetry in arches and arcades. At the centre of each tomb is a sarcophagus crowning the burial vault and the crypt below. Several of the green and blue tiles adorning the many domes are missing now, a sad commentary on our sense of history. It is the congregation of the Persian, Pathan and Hindu forms of architecture which marks the emergence of a distinct Qutub Shahi school marked by ostentation of arches, domes, minarets and columns. Not only are they architecturally impressive, they also make a good picnic spot. Another attraction of these tombs is that every year the State Government authorities conduct a ‘Deccan Festival’, which is exclusive to the city of Hyderabad with these tombs as the backdrop as they speak volumes about the history of the city of Hyderabad.

Timings: 9:30 AM to 4:30 PM (Closed on Fridays)

City buses: 65S, 80S, 80P, 142S

A Museum on site exhibits weapons, armour, and utensils of the Qutub Shahi period. (11:00 -17:00). 


Mecca Masjid 

Mecca Masjid is one of the oldest mosques existing in the country.Built during the reign of Sultan Muhammad Qutb Shah, the 6th Sultan of Hyderabad, the construction of the mosque began in 1617 under the supervision of Mir Faizullah Baig and Rangaiah Chowdary. The work continued during the reign of Abdullah Qutub Shah and Tana Shah and was completed in 1694 by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. It is said that the mosque houses sacred relics including a hair of prophet Muhammad. It is situated very near Charminar. As many as ten thousand people offer prayers every day. The story behind naming this mosque is that some of the bricks with which the mosque has been made were brought from Mecca. Therefore the name, Mecca Masjid has been given to it.

The architecture of the masjid is such that 15 arches giving support to the hall of the Mecca Masjid. Three walls of this huge hall have each got five arches which are inscribed sermons of the holy Quran. This massive hall has a height of 75 feet, a width of 220 feet and a length of 180 feet. This dimension clearly shows you how it can house about 10,000 people together during prayers. More than 8000 people were employed and it took them seventy seven years to build it. While laying the foundation of the mosque the sultan posed a condition. Only that person could lay the foundation stone who had never missed prayers even for a single day. Nobody came forward, as a result of which the sultan himself lay the foundation stone because he hadn’t missed prayers since the age of twelve. 


The Hussain Sagar Lake, built by Hazrat Hussain Shah Wali in 1562 to meet the water and irrigation needs of the city is today popularly known as the ‘Tank Bund’.  Its importance today however, far exceeds its basic utility as a water source; the Tank Bund’s enhanced appeal attracts a large number of tourists.  It is a complex of parks, temples, statutory sites of entertainment and the hub of the city’s administrative activities.  Bordering the tank bund and adding to its importance are the Secretariat buildings, the NTR memorial, the Lumbini park, the Hyderabad Boat Club, the Secunderabad Sailing Club and the Hazrat Saidani Ma Saheba tomb.  It is also a hub of various restaurants and eating joints that together truly represent the diversity of Hyderabad.  The monolith Buddha statue is the centre of attraction of the lake and is a site that none can miss.  The tank bund is 24 Kilometres long and is the heart of the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad.  Parallel to it runs the Lower Tank Bund Road which was made with an aim of reducing traffic congestion; it is today the axis of print media activity.  Former Chief Minister N.T. Rama Rao erected 33 statues of various famous personalities in and around the tank bund; this has added to its glory.  The tank bund today truly completes the twin cities.  


One Response

  1. Geraint Howells says:

    This is a very helpful introduction to hyderabad! Many thanks.

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