The capital of the state of Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad is the fifth largest city in India with an ancient civilisation and culture. Attached to the city is its twin , Secunderbad, which is part of Hyderabad. The twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderbad are separated by the Husain Sagar, an artificial lake constructed during the time of Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah Wali in 1562 A.D.
The city is nearly 400 years old and is noted for its natural beauty, mosques and minarets, bazaars and bridges, hills and lakes. It is perched on the top of the Deccan Plateau, 1776ft., above sea level, and sprawls over an area of 100 Sq. miles.
A multitude of influences have shaped the character of the city. Its palaces and buildings, houses and tenements, gardens and streets have a history and an architectural individuality of their own, which makes Hyderabad a city of enchantment.
Hyderabad was founded on the River Musi five miles east of Golconda, in 1591-92 by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah. In the 16th century the city grew spontaneously to accommodate the surplus population of Golconda, which was the capital of the Qutb Shahi rulers. Many buildings sprang up along the River Musi. Gradually the city grew.
When the British and the French spread their hold over the country, the Nizam soon won their friendship without bequeathing his power. The title “Faithful. Ally of the British Government” was bestowed on Nizam VII. The British stationed a Resident at Hyderabad, but the state continued to be ruled by the Nizam.
The rule of the seven Nizam’s saw the growth of Hyderabad both culturally and economically. Huge reservoirs, like the Nizam Sagar, Tungabadra, Osman Sagar, Himayath Sagar, and others were built. Survey work on Nagarjuna Sagar had also begun during this time.
Hyderabad, under the Nizam’s, was the largest princely state in India. Area wise it was as big as England and Scotland put together. The State had its own currency, mint, railways, and postal system. There was no income tax.
Soon after India gained independence, Hyderabad State merged with the Union of India. On November 1, 1956 the map of India was redrawn into linguistic states, and Hyderabad became the capital of Andhra Pradesh.
Hyderabad is rightly known as the high-tech city. IT in Hyderabad is renowned world over and the city is one of the fastest developing hubs of information technology in India. Today, Hyderabad is known not only for its IT and IT Enabled Services, but also Pharmaceuticals and Entertainment industries. Many Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) firms, dealing with IT and other technological services were set up in the 1990s making it the hub of BPO firms. Ramoji Film City, the largest film studio in the world is located on the outskirts of the hi-tech city.
The progress of a township with state-of-the-art services called HITEC City encouraged several IT and ITES companies to setup operations in the city. A rapid growth of technology in this area has led civic boosters to call the city “Cyberabad”. Hyderabad has also been referred to as the second Silicon Valley of India after Bangalore. There have been widespread investments in digital infrastructure within the city, which includes several multinational corporations having established centres in the city. The major areas where such campuses have been setup include Madhapur and Gachibowli.
It is in this magnificent metropolis that that temple of modern legal learning, the National Academy of Legal Studies And Research, one, and currently the best of the National Law Schools established around the country, is located.
NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad, an institution of national eminence in the field of legal education and research, is a residential University established in 1998 under the National Academy of Legal Studies and Research University Act (Andhra Pradesh Act 34 of 1998) of the Andhra Pradesh State Legislature. The University provides an opportunity to explore limitless options in legal profession and is setting new standards in legal education. The University has as its primary mission to create a generation of able, competent and humane lawyers who will not only enter the Bar and Bench but will also be equipped to address effectively the imperatives of the new millennium and to engage in community services.
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